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Ȳ
-׷-
ƼƮ ߱ ҵ Ѵ. 2005 ƼƮ 1δ Ǽҵ 9,431, ߱ 1 494ȿ ģٴ ڷᵵ ִ. ҵ濡 ķǰ ϴ ִ ְ 44.5, ߱ 36.7 . ̿ ũ. 1δ ҵ 2,077, ߱ 3,254Ⱥ . ߱ δ ƼƮ ĸ ϱ 밳ߡ ȹ ϴ ڸ Ȯϰ ִ. Ư ƼƮ ؼ ġ ΰ ϰ ִ. ƼƮ α Űź( - ġ) Ī̼(Qinghai), (Gansusheng) ׳ ҵ ̷ . ׷ 1 19% 12.5% ξ , Ѱ谡 ִ.
߱ ƼƮ å
1949 ߱ ƼƮ ϱ ķ ƼƮ ̷. ߱ ̴ ڿ µ , ڿ ٵ ˷ ٰ . 幰, , Ư ƼƮ ο ƼƮ ֽ , , ϵ, , ޹ Ȯ Ұ, 緮 Ȯ ̱ Ǿ. 1) ƼƮ ȸ ȸٰ ͼӵǾ, ׷鼭 , , ᰡ ϴ · Ǵ ý س. ߱ ̷ ýۿ Լ ϴ ƼƮ 뿹 ع״ٰ ׵ ϸ . 1940 ߱ ƼƮ θ ٳబ ƼƮ ε ߱ε麸 ξ ԰ ߴٰ Ѵ. ƼƮ ָ  ־, ߱ Ϲ ϰ Ҵ. ̷ ߱ ƼƮ ϱ ع桯̶ ׵ ħ ȭŰ ǵ ִ.
1951 10 ο ιع決 δ밡 ó Լ ̵ ƼƮ ο ڽŵ 䱸ߴ. ó ιع決 ƼƮ ΰ â , ϰ ݾ  θ ߴߴ. ƼƮ δ ׵鿡 , â ٴڳ ڷ ׵ ƹ ¡ߴߴ. 1956 ְ ιع決 ο ȭк ϸ鼭 ƼƮε鿡 ų ̸ ϶ ߴ. ׷ ƼƮ ſ ôؼ ϸ ν 淯 Ѵ. ׷⿡ ׵ Ϸ ùؿ Ȯ ƴ ص ᱹ δ ߵ ϰ ߴ. ιع決 ־ٰ ׵ ƼƮ 濡 ´ Ŀ ٺ ذ ߴ ̴.2) 1960 ߱ , Բ ؾ ߴ. ߱ ħ ؿ ߴ 츰 , ƹ ϴ. ַ. ؿ ϴ. ߴ.3) 1980 6 ߱ ߾ȸ Ѽ ľ߿(Hu yaobang) 3 ̳ ƼƮ 1959 ء ͽŰڴٰ ߴ. װ ƼƮ ߱ ƼƮ ġ ڴٴ ǹ̿.4) ̴ ߱ ƼƮ å ϴ Ͱ ٸ ߾̾. ߱ ̶ ΰ ݰ å , ᱹ 𺸶 ̴.
߱ ΰ߰ Ī¯ö
߱ δ ֱ ϱ ȹ Ϻημ, 1999 5-10 밳ߡ å äϿ ɵ ƼƮ Űź( - ġ), ׸ ġ ϰ ִ. ߱ ǥ θ Ǽϰ ö ϸ Žü ϴ ü ȮϷ ϰ ִ. 2000 3 ιδǥȸ 4 ֿ Ʈ ϳ 밳ߡ  ʼ Ī¯ö(Tibetan railway)5) ̴. ߱ ȹ 4,200 ޷ 꺸 50% ̻ ϰ ξ 2006 7 ƼƮ Ī¯ ߴ.  ߱ ƼƮ ߱ ϴ ߱ ҽŰ ̶ , ߱ 迡 ϴ Ȯ ϰ ȸ, ġ Ϸ ǵ ִ. ߱ 밳ߡ̶ ΰ å ִ. ƼƮ ߻ϴ κ Ī¯ ߷ Ļ ̶ ص ƴ Ī¯ Ű ִ. 츮 Ī¯ ̾߱ Ѵ.

-׷-
1. å
Ī¯ Ű ϳ Ī¯ Ÿ ƼƮ ̴.߱δ ָ ϱ غݰ ޿ ׵ ߰ ƼƮ ޼ӵ ߴ. ƼƮ Ҿ Ȱ Űź(- ġ) Ī¯ ռ 2001 繫ġ(Urumqi) ּ 浵 ī(Kashgar) մ ö ϰǾ ī Ѿ. " ´."  ߱ å ϰ ִ. ߱ ġ ̶ ϴ ö ġ ƴ ִ. ƼƮ ܰ ʾҴ. ʱ⿡ ߱ ڵ ڸ ȸ ִ Ư ο ߵǾ 5~6 α ϴ δ α Ͽ 30 ġھҰ 20 ̴. ̹ δ 鿡 Ǿ ְ , κ ߱ ϻ̴. ̴ ޶ 󸶰 ߱ ƼƮ ȭ л ϰ , α ȭ ߱ ġ ǵ ִ. , Ӹ ƴ϶ ħϿ ƼƮ Ĵ ų ϴ Ȱ ִ. ϳ ո (Gansusheng) ο ִ 湮 Ͽµ 1984⿡ ƼƮ ȭ Ư ̾ 2001⿡ ǹ ۴ ̾ 2007⿡ ƼƮ ȭ ãƺ ٲ. ƼƮε Ҽ Ǿ, Ÿ þٴ 6) ̴ ϰ δ. ƼƮ ü ̷, ð ư ƴ϶, ƼƮε ƼƮ ο Ҽ ϰ ִ.
2. ƼƮ
ƼƮ 80뿡 ۵Ǿ, ߱ ٸ ſ ְ 賭߱ ټ ʾҴ. 迡 ϸ 1980⿡ ƼƮ 湮 ఴ 1,059 95% ܱ ఴ̾. ׷ Ī¯ ⺸ ϰ, ϸ ª ð ƼƮ ޵ߴ. Ư Ī¯ ݱ ߴ. ߱ ƼƮ ڵ ϴ ߽ɻ ִ. ȭſ , 2006 ƼƮ 250 Լ 27 7õ âߴ. ؿ ġ GDP 9.6% شϴ ׼̴. , â ƼƮε鿡 ʰ, ƼƮ ӹ ʴµ, ̴ ַ ο ƼƮ ġ ߱ ȸ翡 ǰ 鸸 ߱ ఴ ƼƮ ÿ ִ ȸ縦 ϱ ̴. , ̷ ȰȭǸ鼭 ܳ ڸ ȸ ƼƮο ư ʴ´. ߱ CCTV 'Ī¯ Ư' "ظ ƼƮ 湮ϴ 30% ϰ , ȳ ϴ."鼭 " ڿ ƼƮ ϴ." ߴ. ߱ ä ռ ƼƮ ԵǴ 缺 ϸ鼭 ƼƮ ָ Ȥϰ ׵ 븸 ϰ ִ. Ī¯ ϱ ߴ. Ī¯ 2 ڿ θ ã 7) ϸ ö 380̴ 3 ȣ Ϸ 氪  580 50% ̻ پ. δ ϰ ε ߵǴ ȭ ޱ ߴ. , ҵ Ӽ  ִ. ƼƮ ġ ι ϸ(إ) ּ " ٸ ϴ µ 1 4, 5 ̸." Ī¯ ǹ̴ ƹ ص ġ ʴٰ ߴ.
å
ֱ Ⱓ ƼƮġ ޼ӵ ߴ. 2000~2005 ̿ ƼƮġ ߰, Ⱓ GDP 谡 Ǿ. ݸ, GDP 3 1 Ͽ. κ ϴ ƼƮε ߴٴ ǹѴ.
ƼƮġ ޼ ߱ο ڵ Ŵ ݿ Ǿ. ̷ ǻ 2004~5⿡ 120% ̲´. δ ϵ Ȱ ü 纸 ڸ ġ 巯. ̷ ɷ ڴ ִ ϰ , ƼƮġ ߾ ݿ ϰ Ѵ. ̷ κи ƼƮε Ű åȴ. 2005 ƼƮ ü 13% , 6% ̰, 1% ǰ, ȸ, ȸ ٰ . ̷ ־ ڴ ƼƮε ߰, Ȳ ȭŰ Ҵ. ƼƮ 15%  ޾Ҵ. ̷ Ȳ ó ƼƮε þ ڵ £ ־ ִ. ܺο ԵǴ ڵ ް , ƼƮ ε ȣϱ å , 迡 ߱ ɷ ԵǾ ƼƮ, ؼ ߱ Ƿ ۿ ⿡ 뿡 Ǵ ´. ߱ ٸ ð񿡼 £ ƼƮ и ִ. ̷ ƼƮ ̵ Ҹ . 2006 ο ƼƮ ̵ ־µ, ߴ . ߱ο 100 ڸ йߴµ, ο ƼƮε £ з ̴. ׵鿡Դ 100 ڸ , 2 ڸ ־. ̿ Ҹ ǰ ̵ ƼƮοԵ ڸ ȸ Ȯ϶ Ÿ ̴. ׸ ̴ 2008 3 ο Ͼ ͵ ʴ. 2008 3, 䱸ϴ ƼƮ ƴ϶ ϴ Ÿų ıƴ. ̷ Ҹ ǥ ϴ ʴ.
- [Reaping Tibet's Whirlwind], Andrew Martin Fischer, Far Eastern Economic Review, March 2008.
ּ
1) Paul Ingram, [Tibet, the Facts], 1990, p. 36.
2) ƸƵ, [׷ ƼƮ ], 2007, p. 101.
3) ӽ , ޶ 󸶰 ִ ƼƮ ̾߱, 2008, p. 418
4) K. ȶũ, Hindus Times , March 23 1981
5) ߱ Ī() ƼƮ()ġ θ մ Ī¯ö Ī̼ Ī Ī¯() Ҹ.
6) , [߱ ֺ , ƼƮ ٸ - ո ], , Nov. 2008.
7)  ƯĿ, [ϴñ й ƼƮ ], Ϻ, Sep. 20 2006.